Aerospace technology is an introductory course to all the engineering disciplines involved in the current developments of aeronautical and space systems. Given the variety and complexity of these technologies, the content of the course tries to cover the fundamental systems that, in turn, allow a first understanding of the solutions adopted in the different subjects.
This includes the description of the standard atmosphere and the fundamentals of meteorology, fluid mechanics and aerodynamics. With these bases, the shapes of the airplanes their implications in the mechanics of flight are analysed. The types of engines and their elements are also part of the coverage of the course, which reviews in a descriptive way the rest of subsystems of the plane: hydraulic, electrical, fuel, etc.
The design and operation of airports and their radio-aids are also covered.
Finally, the fundamentals of space systems are explained, from the physics of orbital mechanics to the common subsystems in spacecraft.
In this course, the practice work is developed in the facilities of the Air Force Academia Básica del Aire, as a result of the collaboration that currently exists between the University of León and this important organisation.
Aerodynamics is a part of the mechanics focused on the study of the actions of the air on the objects that move inside. Obviously, aerodynamics is a fundamental discipline in the activity of the aeronautical engineer. External aerodynamics refers to the study of the air around the airplane and its elements, while the internal aerodynamics refers to the processes it undergoes in ducts or confined spaces, such as the interior of the engines.
In this course, the basic aerodynamic processes are explored with the intention of understanding the design principles of aerodynamic airfoils and wings. The course includes techniques to understand the difference between non-viscid and viscid flows, as well as between subsonic and supersonic ones.
In particular, one of the main objectives of the course is the calculation of forces and moments on thin profiles, and its extension to slender wings.
Finally, given the importance of the boundary layer in the calculation of drag forces and in other processes such as stall, simple examples of viscid flow modelling are provided.