Aerodynamics is a part of the mechanics focused on the study of the actions of the air on the objects that move inside. Obviously, aerodynamics is a fundamental discipline in the activity of the aeronautical engineer. External aerodynamics refers to the study of the air around the airplane and its elements, while the internal aerodynamics refers to the processes it undergoes in ducts or confined spaces, such as the interior of the engines.
In this course, the basic aerodynamic processes are explored with the intention of understanding the design principles of aerodynamic airfoils and wings. The course includes techniques to understand the difference between non-viscid and viscid flows, as well as between subsonic and supersonic ones.
In particular, one of the main objectives of the course is the calculation of forces and moments on thin profiles, and its extension to slender wings.
Finally, given the importance of the boundary layer in the calculation of drag forces and in other processes such as stall, simple examples of viscid flow modelling are provided.